Resolving Sudan’s Crisis Means Removing Those Fighting
Sudan’s latest crisis began in December 2018, when citizens took to the streets to protest the high cost of living and the economic policies of former President Omar al-Bashir. Demonstrations continued until April 2019 when a military coup ousted al-Bashir. However, the civilian-military transitional government that replaced him has not been able to unite the country, leading to renewed violence.
The Need for Removing Those Fighting
According to Ahmed Soliman from the Chatham House, the crux of resolving Sudan’s crisis lies in removing those fighting. In an interview with Yusuf Hassan, Soliman stressed the importance of achieving a peace agreement that addresses the root causes of the conflict.
“Without addressing the root causes of the conflict, it will be difficult to establish stability and move the country’s transition to civilian government forwards,” Soliman said.
He added that there are many armed groups in Sudan that have not been dismantled, and this remains a significant challenge in the country’s journey towards peace. “These groups continue to destabilize the region, undermine attempts at peace and development, and terrorize the population,” he said.
The Role of the International Community
Soliman also emphasized the importance of the international community’s role in supporting efforts to resolve the crisis in Sudan. He urged the United Nations and African Union to increase their diplomatic and economic support for the civilian-military transitional government.
He recommended that the international community considers putting pressure on neighboring countries to stop supporting armed groups and ensure they adhere to the sanctions imposed by the United Nations Security Council.
Challenges Facing the Transitional Government
The transitional government has faced challenges in its efforts to promote peace and development in the country. One of the major concerns is the presence of militia groups in Darfur, South Kordofan, and Blue Nile, which continues to threaten the country’s peace and stability.
Furthermore, economic hardship remains an issue in the country, with inflation and unemployment at all-time highs. The COVID-19 pandemic has also worsened the situation, with the country struggling to implement appropriate measures due to limited resources.
The Way Forward
Soliman concluded that resolving Sudan’s crisis will require a comprehensive approach that includes disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration of militia groups, as well as ensuring that those who committed atrocities during the conflict are held accountable. He also recommended that the transitional government takes steps to address the economic challenges facing the country, including promoting private sector growth and investing in infrastructure.
Furthermore, he emphasized the need for an inclusive political dialogue that involves all Sudanese political actors, including opposition groups and civil society. The dialogue should also prioritize the participation of women and youth, who have been crucial in the country’s protests and advocacy for change.
In conclusion, resolving Sudan’s latest crisis requires removing those fighting and addressing the root causes of the conflict. It also requires the support of the international community and a comprehensive approach that addresses the economic and political challenges facing the country’s transition to civilian government.